In Clifford the same grant is made as in Laughton. By Clifford I conceive is meant North Clifton, about twelve miles north-east of Newark, in which Builli had an interest.

In Bingham, in the south of Nottinghamshire, the same grant. Bingham, as we have already seen, was a manor of Builli of high value and in an advanced state of cultivation at the time of Domesday. Before the Conquest Tosti, Hoge, and Helga had been lords: after that event, the place came entirely to Roger. The Paganels were the next lords, one of whom, Fulc, enfeoffed Hugh de Bingham and John de Cruce. Henry III. in 1266 granted the fee to Ralph Bugge, whose son Sir Richard de Bingham was a party to the following transaction. The convent of Blyth instituted proceedings in the spiritual court of York against Robert the rector of Bingham for leading away in 1280 the tithes of the sheaves growing on the ancient demesne of sir Ralph de Bingham and his ancestors, which they claimed by virtue of their endowment by Builli. The suit was terminated in 1284 with the consent of sir Richard de Bingham the patron, on the understanding that the rectors should in future pay the monks a yearly rent of four marcs for their tithes. The payment appears in the Taxation of Pope Nicholas.*

In Saltby the same grant as in Bingham. Saltby is in the county of Leicester, and not far from Melton Mowbray. In the transcript of return 26 Henry VIII. in the First Fruits Office, we find that the abbot of Croxton, a Praemonstratensian abbey in the same county, and not far from Saltby, paid the monks of Blyth 5s. annually for Saltby, of which therefore Croxton Abbey doubtless had the appropriation: and that the vicar of Saltby also paid them the same pension.

In the transcript both Saltby and Croxton are stated to be in the county of Lincoln. They are on the very edge of it, and hence the error.

In Garthorpe, also in the county of Leicester, and in the same locality.

And in Bersaldebey, which I cannot identify with the modern name of any place, the same benefactions are given as in Laughton.

In Bridgeford, Loudham, and Gunthorp, all in the county of Nottingham, the same tithes are given again.

In Clipston the tithe of one team.

And finally in Croxton two parts of the tithe.

Such was the foundation charter and such the original endowment of the Benedictines of St. Mary of Blyth.

It would be only natural that the great tenants whom Roger subinfeuded, or their descendants, should feel an interest in the infant establishment of Blyth, which their lord paramount had founded. And accordingly we shall find in the sequel that Thorald and Fulc de Lizours and their descendants and representatives were considerable benefactors to the convent.

The grants made to the monks by persons either resident in or connected by property with the parish of Blyth will be found detailed under the several townships in which such proprietors resided, or with which they were so connected. More distant benefactions were

IX.  The Church of Weston, in the county of Nottingham.—Here also we see indications of sympathy with Builli and his monastery at Blyth. For Weston was one of his manors, which he parcelled out among Fulc, Thorald, and Robert, his Norman tenants. Robert was succeeded in his estate here by Gerbert de Archis, lord of Grove, the head of his barony, in the reign of Henry II. Gilbert de Archis in 1182 succeeded his father Gerbert. He gave to the monks of Blyth the church of Weston, and his son Gilbert confirmed his father's gift. Between Gilbert the son and the convent there was an agreement made that on the next vacancy of the benefice they should present Humphry de Tickhill, the priest of Austerfield, if then alive, or some other fit clerk, on the nomination of Gilbert.** Humphry accordingly succeeded to the rectory: and after him followed R. de Caneton. On the institution of the next incumbent, Ralph de Wadworth, Walter Grey, archbishop of York, by an instrument dated at the palace of Scrooby, June 10. 1250, reserved out of the rectory five marcs annually to the monastery of Blyth in aid of hospitality. The living, like that of Elton, had a narrow escape from appropriation. In fact Archbishop Roger, the immediate predecessor, save one, of Walter Grey, had actually granted the monks appropriations both of Elton and Weston. But, as already intimated with reference to Elton, the measure was not carried into effect. Neither was it effected in the case of Weston. The monks obtained we see an annual pension of 3l. 6s. 8d. which was paid regularly out of the rectory till the dissolution of their house, and was thenceforth continued to the Master and Fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge, by whom it has been handed over to the successive vicars of Blyth, originally doubtless with a view to improve the benefice, which three centuries ago was of very little value, and which even at the beginning of the last century received a grant from the bounty of Queen Anne. The rectory of Weston is now in the gift of Earl Manvers.

X.  Elksley, in the county of Nottingham.—Lands were given here to the convent by Adam de Wellum. He held estates at Elkesley under John Fleming, or le Flemangh, a member of the Norman family of that name (one of whom, Thomas Fleming, was the founder of Welbeck Abbey in the reign of Henry II.), by service of presenting to him and his heirs a Lincoln spur annually at Christmas; and he gave to the convent the whole meadow which was situated between the mill of Elksley and Bierkelont, by consent of his heirs, for the health of his soul and of the souls of his father and mother; of Eve, his first wife, the mother of his children; and of Orenta, his second wife.

Galfrid, son of Rainald de Kirketon, gave to the monks one selion, which lay the fourth from the court of the said monks in Elksley on the west.

Gerbert de Elksley gave them three dales of his land in Elksley, one dale in Tunfurlang, one beyond the chimin (road) to the castle, and one between that chimin and the chimin of Twiford.

XL. Billingley, in the parish of Darfield, and county of York, was held by Fulc Lizours under Builli. He gave the monastery half of this place; and his donation was confirmed by his son Robert; by Albreda, the daughter of Robert; and by her son John, the constable.

Thorald, the brother of Fulc, gave them also all he had in Billingley, on condition that they found a priest in their church of Blyth to serve perpetually for the redemption of the souls of himself, his parents, and friends.

These grants were made early in the twelfth century.

XII. Whatton, in the county of Nottingham.—About the same period Sir William de Watun, tenant, under the house of Gant, of this manor, gave a benefaction to the convent, which was confirmed by his successors, the Newmarches.

We return nearer home to

XIII.  The churches of Bawtry and Austerfield, in the west riding of the county of York, which were given to the convent by John de Builli in the reign of Henry II. Idonea, his daughter, who married Robert de Vipont, confirmed her father's gift.

XIV. Harworth, in the county of Nottingham.—Ralph Fraser, the king's marshal, gave the monks two bovates which Gamel held of him in Harworth. Elias de Moles gave them the land which Hamo Buche held under him by annual rent of 10d., and that which Elyas Pin held for the rent of 2½d., and pasture for two hundred sheep in Farworth, in this parish, and common pasture. Peter son of William de Marton (now Martin) gave them one carucate and timber in his wood to make lodging apartments for poor travellers (herbergagia) and firewood, as well as a toft and free multure in the same place; for which gifts they promised to receive him as a monk when God should put it into his heart to offer himself.

These, with other endowments subsequently to be detailed under the different townships of the parish, constituted, if not all, at all events the great portion of the possessions of Blyth Priory. I append a few charters and other deeds, which may not be without an interest, and then shall proceed to notice the royal confirmations of the monastic grants and the surveys of its income, whether spiritual or temporal.

Hugh de Hedun, son of Fulc, gave the monks "one measure of wheat, which we call an acrased of Blyth [as much as would set or sow an acre], to be rendered by him and his heirs annually at the feast of St. Katharine, virgin and martyr (Nov. 25)."

Richard del Pech (of the Peek in Derbyshire), son of Ralph sheriff of Nottingham, 5 shillings yearly at Martinmas out of the land which Hugh the chaplain (cornetsarius†) and his heirs held of him and his heirs in Cesterfield (Chesterfield).

Matilda, the daughter of Henry of Winchester, with the consent of Richard de Lindesey, her husband, "the meadow which adjoins that bovate of land which came to me in Blyth of the estate of Hugh my brother—this grant I made to the monks on the day on which they took me as a sister (susceperunt me in sororem)."

This lady had been a benefactor to the monks, and in return they took her into spiritual sisterhood, that is, gave her the benefit of their prayers and other religious offices. It was a common practice with the religious houses to grant letters of fraternity and sisterhood to eminent persons who had deserved well of them. Thus the convent of Durham granted such to Anne duchess of Gloucester, in 1475; to John de Warren, earl of Surrey, "qui cum sit de semine regali et inter potentissimos a latere Regis, tantam dignitatem oblitus et generis nobilitatem, orationibus pauperum Christi et suffragiis ecclesiæ se commendat;" to the lady Joan, widow of sir Richard de Byngham, knight, in 1392; to Thomas duke of Exeter, in 1426; to the abbess and convent of Sion, in 1517. They tell the duchess of Gloucester in their Litera Sororitatis, "vestram excellentiam præpotentemque personam in sororem, si placeat, spiritualem nostri Capituli Dunelmensis, cum eâ quae decet reverencia duximus admittendam; quam et admittimus per præsentes. Et quantum in nobis est, Altissimoque placuerit, omnium missarum, vigiliarum, jejuniorum, oracionum, praedicacionum, divinorum officiorum, ceterorumque operum pietatis et suffragiorum quorumcumque, quae per nos et successores nostras tam in monasterio nostra prædicto, quam in cellis ab eodem dependentibus quibuscumque fiunt et fient in perpetuum, participacionem concedimus specialem;" they also promise her their prayers after death, "sicuti pro aliis confratribus et consororibus nostris spiritualibus de medio sublatis."

Robert Sellarius (Sellar, the chairmaker) of Blyth, in his great poverty, sold to Hugh of Harworth and his heirs, for seven shillings and a russet cap, his place in Blyth, which he held of the prior and convent at a yearly quit-rent of 18d. being 60 feet long and 40 wide; Hugh to pay the same rent. This man was a copyholder under the convent.

Alan, the son of Alan of Blyth, living in London, quit claims to the monks a toft, with the buildings on it, which he held of them in Blyth, between the toft of Robert de Langold and that which belonged to the late William Cocth, reaching from the king's highway going through the middle of Blyth to the land of the late W. Cocth aforesaid. Dated at Blyth a.d. 1283.

Royal Confirmations.

Henry I. in two charters already cited, confirmed to the convent their tithes in Laughton. In another letter, addressed to and attested by the same persons as in the case of the first of those just referred to, the same king confirmed their tolls and passage, exempting, however, "mercatores curiæ meæ qui brevia mea habent et burgenses mei de novo burgo‡ qui affidare poterint quod sunt mei homines." Again, in another letter dated at Blyth, and directed to R. Bigot and Osbert the sheriffs, and Richard FitzGotson, he confirmed their tithes and customs as they held them in the time of his father (so the letter runs) and his brother, and especially the tithes of Appleby and Assinton: and lastly, he commands Archbishop Thomas of York, 1108—1114, to afford them peaceable enjoyment of their own, and protection (manuteneas viriliter), and to refrain from making any charge upon them for synodals or chrism. King Stephen, in the next reign, confirmed the endowments of Builli, and specially the tithes of Rocheston; as also their tolls, exempting only his court merchants; and exempted their demesne property from toll, passage, and custom (lestagium), under penalty of 10l. against any one who should disturb them. Henry II. confirmed their rights of fair, market, and toll; their customs in the wood of Lindric; and all their liberties in wood, land, water, and other matters, with all tithes, as they enjoyed them in the reigns of Stephen and Henry I. He further forbids the tenants of the priory from appearing at the shire and hundred courts, and from pleading, except "ad castellum de Blida." If their rights are withholden, or injury done them, the justices and sheriffs are to see justice done, " ne inde clamorem audiam pro defectu recti." This deed is dated at Blyth, and attested by Thomas the chancellor, Ralph de Broc, and others.

Thomas the chancellor was none other than Thomas Becket, the illustrious Archbishop of Canterbury, who was murdered, as is known to every one, in his own cathedral, on Tuesday, December 29th, 1170. Ralph, or Ranulph de Broc, at whose castle of Saltwood, near Canterbury, the assassins concerted the murder, had by acts of violence and hostility so far provoked the anger of the primate that he excommunicated him, with others, in the cathedral on the Christmas Day preceding. Another member of the same family, Robert de Broc, prohibited the monks from interring the body of Becket among the tombs of the archbishops, and threatened it with every conceivable indignity, as a fit recompence for the corpse of the king's enemy. What a contrast this most attrocious assassination presents to the calmness and peace of Blyth, in whose convent and church Becket and Broc had formerly met and worshipped as friends and brethren.§

John, when earl of Morton, charges the sheriff of Nottinghamshire and his bailiffs of the honour of Tickhill to protect the monks and all their possessions as confirmed to them by the charters of king Henry his father and king Henry his great-grandfather. The letter is dated at Kingshaugh.

Taxation of Pope Nicholas IV.

This was made in 1291-2, with a view to the payment of the tenths of ecclesiastical benefices to Edward I. for six years, being a grant to him from the Pope in aid of an expedition to the Holy Land. The following returns occur in it respecting the convent and vicarage:—

    £ s. d.
Spiritual.—Pension in the church of Weston 3 6 8
  Portion in the church of Bingham 2 13 4
  Portion in chapel of Elton 1 6 8
  Church of Blyth appropriated to Convent 50 0 0
  Vicarage of same 10 0 0
  Portion in church of Wheatley 2 0 0
Temporal.—Diocese of Lincoln, in deanery of Jordeburg 0 6 8
  In archdeaconry of Nottingham the prior has 43 15 10

Nonæ Roll.

This was a subsidy of a ninth of corn, lamb, and wool in every parish, granted by Parliament to Edward III. in 1341, as an aid in his wars with France.

The inquisition was taken at Retford, on Saturday, in the first week of Lent, in the 15th Edward III. before the venditors and assessors of the subsidy of a ninth of corn, fleeces, and lambs, and of a ninth of cities and boroughs, and of a fifteenth of foreigners, lately granted to the lord the king, in the county of Nottingham, upon the oath of John de Stirrop, Robert de Wynkeburn, W. Bernard, Richard de Stirrop, Thomas de Balne, Robert de Carbreton, Nicholas de Warsop, William Chapman, John Freman, John Prymcrol, John Blome, and Simon de Marton, who say that—

The church of Blith, with the vicarage of the same, is taxed at ninety marcs: that the ninth of the corn, fleeces, and lambs of the same place is worth per annum at the true value thirty-six marcs, and no more: that the hay and glebe appertaining to the same are worth per annum seven marcs: and the mortuaries, oblations, and other small tithes are worth per annum twenty-one marcs. They say also that in the same county of Nottingham, to wit at Weston, there is a certain portion appertaining to the same church which is worth per annum five marcs; and there is in the same county at Wheatley a certain portion appertaining to the same church which is worth per annum forty shillings: and lastly, that the whole residue of the taxation of the church aforesaid consists in the hamlets of Bautre, Austerfeld, Stockwell, and Bramcroft, (which) are entirely in the county of York, and worth per annum at their true value eighteen marcs.

Inquisition in 1379, on the Thursday next after the Feast of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary (September 8), made at Nottingham, before Laurence de Allerthorp, one of the barons of the Exchequer, and John Foucher, escheator of the counties of Nottingham and Derby, and a jury, who say on oath that the prior of the alien Monastery of Blyth has at—

    £ s. d.
Blyth.—From assise rent (fixed rent) of free tenants and cottages, payable at feasts of St. Andrew and Pentecost 16 4
  Also 110 acres 3 roods of demesne land on the common, worth on average of years at 6d. per acre 2 15
  Also 18 acres of demesne meadow on the common, yielding at 1s. 6d per acre 1 7 0
  Also two water mills, per an. 2 0 0
  Also a pasture called Litellond, per an. 0 6 8
  A wood called Northlond, the underwood of which is worth yearly 0 6 8
  A pasture called Westcroft, per an. 0 6 8
  A water, the fishing of which is worth per an. 0 6 8
  Eddish, yearly 0 3 4
  Wood of alders, yearly 0 3 4
  Toll, market, pleas, and perquisites of court on market days, per an. 60 0 0
  A court held every three weeks, with two great annual courts, per an. 2 6 8
  One hundred and twenty days' works in harvest (from poor tenants) in reaping the prior's crops 1 0 0
  A pair of gloves (cirotecarum) for rent 0 0 2
Barnby.—A garden worth per an. 0 2 6
  Thirteen bovates of land, each bovate containing 16 acres, per an. at 3½d. per acre . 3 0 8
  Eight acres and a half of meadow at 1s. 6d. an acre 0 12 9
  Assise rents of free tenants and cottages 1 12
Oulecotes.—A messuage and two bovates of land 0 13 4
  Assise rents 0 18 0
  Four acres and a half of meadow 0 7 6
Bughton.—A messuage, 101 acres of land and 5 of meadow 1 0 0
Elton.—Substantially as already given      
Elkeslay.—Two bovates called Bordeland 0 16 0
  Three bovates, of which two are native, i.e. subject, to services of born slaves 0 10 0
  A messuage, with a rent of a pound of cummin 2d., worth per ann. 0 2 4
  Demesne meadow 0 8 0
Blyth.—Church of, appropriated to priory 66 13 4
Marton (Martin).—A messuage and two bovates 0 4 0
Harworth.—A messuage and one bovate 0 2 0
Stretton.—Quit-rent, issuing out of certain lands called Le Gore 0 2 0
Markham.—Assise rents 0 6 0
Weston.—A pension 3 6 8
  Amount of the aforesaid "Extent" on an average of years £140 3 4

Between this sum and the amount of the above items, even independently of Elton, there is an evident discrepancy; but it has been often observed that in our old instruments the statement of the sum total and the aggregate of items which go to compose it do not agree.

At the close of this inquisition it is stated that the convent had a fuller's mill at Blyth which used to pay 20s. a-year, but is now totally in ruins, to the loss of the king; and that it fell for want of repair in the year 1365, when Gilbert was prior.

[Valor Ecclesiasticus. Transcript of Return 26 Henry VIII. First Fruits Office.]      
Priory of Blyth. George Dalton, Prior.      
  £ s. d.
Demayn Landes.—First the profitts of the demayne landes, being arable, 120 acres, at 8d. le acre. S'ma 4 0 0
Also a certein closse called Lytle Lonade, 12s.; also in West Crofte 6 acres, price le acre 2s.,—12s.; also a closse named Brodynge 10 acres, and Bocher Carr 3 acres, and Weste Crofte Bothom 6 acres, 1l. 18s.; and also other fyve closses, cont' 30 acres, 2l. 13s. 4d. 5 15 4
Blythe.—Also rentes of assise, and other landes and ten'tes, withe bounde dayes in harveste win the saied town of Blythe, in the countie aforesaid, 15l. 9s. 3d.; also a milne in the saied lorde-shipe, 6l.; also the prefect of the feyres and tolle for passage, and the amercyamentes of the court, com. an. 2l. 23 9 3
Elton cum Barneby.—Also the lordshippe of Elton, wt other landes and tenementes therto belonginge, yerely, 18l.; also the lordeshipe of Barneby, wt other londes and tenementes therto belonginge in Barneby, yerely, 5l. 14s. 23 19 4
Elkesley.—Also landes and tenementes in Elkesley, yerely 1 6 8
Bughton.—Also landes and tenementes in Bughton 1 0 0
Thyrbek.—Firbeck. Also landes and tenementes there 0 6 8
Stirrop.—Also landes and tenementes in Stirrop 2 6 8
Chyef Rentes perteyning to the saied Priory.—In Bev'cott (Bevercotes), yerely, 2s. 8d. Ew's, 3s. Owlcott, 1l. 8s. Woolwatte in Yorkshire, 13s. 4d. 2 6 11
Byllyngley, Ebor. com.—Also rentes of assise in Byllyngley dewe by Dame Dunham, wydowe, by yere 1 3
Summa totalis temporalium p'd' prior' £65 14
Nott' comitat'.      
Blythe P'rsonage, wt other.—Fuste, the tithe, corne, and hey, wt other profites in Blythe, Hodsack, Torworthe, Ranskill, Barneby, Bautrey, Osterfield, Bramcrofte, Stockwell, Wodhows, Ulcott, Stirope, and Westefeld, withe the tiethe of the mylne in Hodseke, and arbage of Kyrsall, wthin the parryshe of Blythe aforeseid 47 17 0
Marneham Parsonage and Gresthorp.—Also the tithe corne and hay there and in Gresthorpe, yerely amounte to the sume of 0 8 0
Elton and Weston Pensions.—Also a pension oute of the churche of Elton, 1l. 6s. 4d.; and oute of the churche of Weston one annuall pension, 3l. 6s. 8d. Suma 4 13 0
Ebor' comitat'.      
  £ s. d.
Byllyngley, wt other.—Also the personage of Byllyngley, Haughton, and ----------------, in the countie of York 2 6 8
Laughton.—Also one annuall pensione oute of the churche of Laughton, in the saied countye of Yorke 2 0 0
Pens' in the countie of Lincoln.—Also one annuall pension payd by the prior of Thorneham,      
  1l. 8s. 4d.; a pension paied by the prior of Elsh'm, 2s. 8d.; one annuall pension paied by the      
  abbot of Croxden for Salteby, 5s.; one annuall pension of the vycar of Salteby, 5s.; and a      
  pension of the keper of Curlyngton, 8s. 2 9 0
  Suma totalis spualium predict' 59 13 8
  Suma totalis valoris temporalium pred. 65 14
  Suma totalis valoris tarn spualiam qam temporalium predicti prioratus £125 8 24
  Reprises, viz. £ s. d.
Rentes resolute and Fees.—viz. Paied to the castell of Tykhell, 1l. To the same for the manor of Elton, 10s. 8d. To the honour of Tutbury for Allerton Fee, 2s. 8d. To the Kinges College in Cambridge, 2l. To Sir Thomas Burgh, knyghte, Lorde Burgh, hed steward, for his fee at Blythe, 1l. To Sir John Byron, knight, stewarde of Elton, 1l. To the balyff Blythe for his fee, 1l. To the balyf of Elton for his fee, 13s. 4d. And also to Wm Clerke for keping of courtes, 6s. 8d. 8 13 4
Seuage and Pension.—Paied to the Archdeacon of Nottingham oute of the churche of Blythe      
  yerely, 7s. 6d. Item to the Vicare of Blythe for a pension yerely, 1l. 1 7 6
Almes, viz,—Distributed for the foundes in almes yerely 3 6. 8
  Summa totalis repris' predict' 13 7 6
  Et remanet clare 112 0
  Decima inde 11 4 1
  [Paper Surveys, temp. II. VIII. in the Augmentation Office.]      
  Prioratus dc Blythe in com. Nott.      
Blythe.—Demesne Land. First the site of the Monastery by year £ 1 0 0
  Do. also 123½ acres of arable land at 6d. per acre 3 1 9
  Do. also 24 acres of meadow at 16d. per acre 1 12 0
  Do. also 21½ acres of pasture at 2s. per acre 2 3 0
    7 16 9
Rectory of Blyth.—Tithe sheaves of Bankisfeld and Barnby 6 0 0
  Tithe sheaves in the Field of Blyth 6 0 0
  Tithe sheaves of Styrrup and Wolfeld (?) 2 0 0
  Do. of Hodsock Great and Little, Holme, Spital, Flesthorp, Hermeston, Bilby, Kelsett (?)      
  and tithe of Hodsock Mill, demised to Gervase Clifton, Esq., for a term of 41 years,      
  whereof this is the second 6 4 0
  Do. of Billingley, Haughton, Marr, and Haulfeld, in the parish of Bolton-upon-Dearne,      
  demised to Sir John Denham for 21 years, this being the 15th 2 6 8
  Tithe of grain of Bawtry, Austerfield, Brancroft, and Stockwell, demised to W. Wilson for      
  13 years, this being the 8th 4 13 4
  Tithe of Torworth, demised to Robert Swift, of Rotherham, for 21 years, this being the 9th 6 0 0
  Tithe of Hay throughout the whole parish 1 12
  Tithe of Lamb and Wool, ditto 5 0 0
  Oblations at four principal festivals 2 0 0
  Tithe of Grain of Woodhouse and Olcotes 2 0 0
    £43 16

Ellis's General Introduction to Domesday; Reg. Priorat. de Blidâ, (Harleian Library, No. 3759,) ff. 99b, 100, 104b, 132, 103, 33, 34, 90, 92, 123, 109, 89, 90, 84, 101, 83, 105, 75, 74, 101, 79, 82, 122; Historiæ Dunelmensis Scriptores Tres, published by the Surtees Society in 1839, Appendix; Plac. de Quo Warr. com. Nott. Edw. III.; Hunter's Deanery of Doncaster, i. 282; Pip. 28 H. II.; Monast. Anglic, sub Blidâ; MS Donat. Brit. Mus. 6164, fol. 393; Tax. Pope Nic. IV. a.d. 1291, pp. 74, 310, 311, 311b, 312, 314, 338b, 339; Nonæ Roll, a.d. 1342; Valor Eccles. Ret. 26 H. VIII. First Fruits Office; Paper Surveys temp. II. VIII. Augment. Office.

* This clause of the ancient charter of Builli is omitted in the old edition of the Monasticon, as well as in the modern one. The editors of the latter had access to the Harleian Library, where they might have found the charter correctly given in the Blyth Chartulary; but probably they preferred the easier method of extracting the deed from the original edition. This is not the only charge which I could bring against the editors of the modern edition of the Monasticon Anglicanum.
** Gilbert was evidently determined to have the patronage in his own hands. His descendants were more manageable, for his grandson, Robert de Hersin, released to Theobald the prior of Blyth, in or about 1255, all right in the advowson of the rectory of Weston, for which the convent gave him and his heirs a share in all orisons henceforth to be done and offered in their church.
† Cornetaritis, canonicus, capellanus, a corneta, capitis tegumento in cornu forniam desinente, dictus. This is the explanation given by Ducange of a word which bears the nearest resemblance that can be discovered to that of the text. Perhaps it simply means hornblower, huntsman.
‡ I strongly suspect that by novus burgus Tickhill is meant. Vide supra, p. 21, note.
§ See Stanley's Historical Memorials of Canterbury, 3d ed. pp. 50, 51, 83.