The British Museum MS. of the Life of Colonel Hutchinson.

A PAGE OF MRS. HUTCHINSON'S MANUSCRIPT. From the leaf in the Nottingham Castle Museum.

ORDERS TO THE GARRISON OF NOTTINGHAM CASTLE. From the original in the Nottingham Reference Library, by permission of the Public Libraries Committee. Addressed to "Corporall Saxton at Inner Guard," and inscribed "Corporall: See to Ye executing these orders to day : Sabbath, December 1644. Samuel Coke."
ORDERS TO THE GARRISON OF NOTTINGHAM CASTLE. From the original in the Nottingham Reference Library, by permission of the Public Libraries Committee. Addressed to "Corporall Saxton at Inner Guard," and inscribed "Corporall: See to Ye executing these orders to day : Sabbath, December 1644. Samuel Coke."

At the reading of this paper, Mr. G. H. Wallis exhibited the leaf of Mrs. Hutchinson's MS. acquired by the Nottingham Castle Museum, together with the leaf containing extracts from the Journal of the House of Lords, and the accompanying memorandum signed by Miss Montagu; Mr. J. Potter Briscoe, the original Orders to the Garrison, signed by the Mayor, William Nix, and Colonel Hutchinson, in the possession of the Nottingham Free Public Libraries Committee; Mr. James Ward, an unprinted poem on the Memoirs in the handwriting of Mary Howitt; and the writer of the paper, a photograph of the portrait of Colonel Hutchinson, in the library of Peterhouse, Cambridge, and photographs of Sandown Castle, Kent, where the Colonel died, taken before its destruction about 1860.

The corresponding passage to the portion of the MS. possessed by the Nottingham Castle Museum will be found on page 247 of the Memoirs. In the MS. it begins:—

"Whereupon one of ye Governor's souldiers, not able to conteine himself at their mallicious carriage, 'Wherefore,' wayd he, 'doe we suffer these fellows to vapour thus? Let us clout them out of ye field,' which being complained of to ye Major, he committed him, and the next morning ye certificate subscribed with 700 hands was sent to London. After all was subscribed, the Major gave some—[Here follows the Castle fragment:—] monie to drinke among ye souldiers.

The mallicious faction when they saw they could not hinder, endeavoured to scandall this certificate, & sent up another under 5 of their hands that this was bought, & that ye Major gave crownes a peice to all that would set their hands, and such like lies, which because they could not justifie they sayd they retracted.

The Committe at London could never finish the businesse by reason of ye impertinent clamours of the G: enemies; therefore at length wearied with ye continuall & endlesse papers they had every day brought in, at length they made an order wherein they designed a certeine day for ye dispute & determination of ye power, commanding both sides to forbeare all matter of crimination one against ye other, till that were determined. At ye day, they bothe appeared, but Mr. Milling: presented a petition of a most insolent nature, & fresh articles against ye Governor.

The petition was that whereas the Committee had kept them 10 weekes at great charges, they humbly desired a speedy dispatch according to their propositions.

The Comittee told them, they had done them much injury to lay their stay to their charge, when five weekes before they desired them all to goe, & onely to leave a solicitour, & then they refused it, that they had broken their first orders & given no satisfaction for it, & now alsoe their last in bringing in articles against ye Governor, when they had comanded it should be forborne on all sides, and that they took it very ill they should prescribe them how to determine ye businesse, wherefore they ordered that ye Governor should come downe & follow his first instructions, till he received new ones, & that ye business should be reported on to ye house.

After this ye Governor's brother came down and Captn. Pallmer, the Capn's: being wonderfull obedient to all his orders, soe that'ye garrison was reasonable quiet.

[Jan. 1644.] The Sunday sennight before ye Lft: Coll: came downe, Wiverton having taken some 80 country men, were persued by some horse of this towne, who rescued the country men, and if they could soe have been contented had done good service, but when they had before tired their horses they improvidently persued the enemie home, where a troope of fresh horse, joyning with ye enemie, routed ours & tooke Major Meldrum, who commanded the partie and about 20 more prisoners.

There was laid upon ye north part of this County an assessment for ye maintenance of ye Yorkshire horse of neere 3000 pound a month, which yet ye countrie would willingly have borne if ye horse might . . ."

* * * *

The other leaf in the possession of the Castle Museum reads as follows:—

"An extract transcribed out of the Journall Books of the house of Lords soe far only as Relates to Coll. Hutchinson,


Die Martis 22 Die Maii 1660.

Post meridiem

Concerning the Kings Judges for securing their Persons and Conference with the house of Comons, thereupon, viz.

The Comons conceive the Lords intrench upon the Priviledges for Coll Hutchinson a member of ye house of Comons could not be under such an Order of the Lords upon any Account, unless the Comons order had been consent to.

Page 135.

Die Luna 4 Junii 1660. To render himselfe with others according to Proclamation.

Pa. 188.

Upon Reading the Petition of the Lord Lexington & others concerning Coll. John Hutchinson, It is ordered that the consideration of this Petition be had when the Act of Indemnity is brought from the house of Comons: page 152.

Die Luna 23 Julii 1660.

The house being resumed, the Lord Roberts reported That the Commtee: perusing the Journall that came from the house of Comons doe for certaine names of those persons that gave sentence of Death upon the late King and signed the Warrant for his Murder, out of which Lists, the Come: thinks fitt that Coll Hutchinson's Name be struck out, which the house ordered accordingly.

Die Luna 13 Augustii 1660.

Hodie la vice lecta est Billa. An Act to enable Robert Lord Lexington & Sr Tho: Williamson Barnt: to raise & levy the sume of 2680 pounds, and damages, out of the Lands and Manours of John Hutchinson Esqre."

The leaf in the Castle ends here. The leaf in the British Museum in the same handwriting continues the story:—

"A petition of John Hutchinson Esq. was read desiring that he might be heard before the aforesaid Bill doe pass. It is ordered that he shall be heard accordingly.

Pa. 446.

Die Sabathi 18 Aug. 1660.

Hodie. 2a vice lecta est Billa. An Act to enable Robert Lord Lexington & Sr Tho. Williamson Bart, to raise & levy the sume of 2680 pounds, and damages out of the lands and mannours of Jno. Hutchinson Esq.

A Petition alsoe of John Hutchinson Esq. was read, and it is ordered that the said Bill together with the said Petition shall be referred to the Come: appointed for the Marquis of Newcastle's Bill to hear all parties concerned & to meet this afternoon at 3 of the clock.

Pa. 474.

Die Sabati 25 Aug. 1660.

Upon reading the petition of Henry Nevill Esq. It is ordered that the Petition should be shewed to Coll. John Hutchinson & the other Persons therein mentioned, hoping & expecting that he will doe that in this particular business as will stand with justice & agreeable to the favour he hath received from this house.

Pa. 514.

Die Luna 3 Septembris 1660.

The cause betwixt the Lord Lexington and Coll. John Hutchinson was heard by Councell on both sides at this Barr. And it is ordered that the consideration of this business be taken upon Wednesday Morning next with determination to be given herein.

Pa. 553.

Die Martis 11 Sept. 1660.

Hodie 3a vice lecta est Billa. An Act to enable Robert Lord Lexington and Sr Tho. Williamson Barnt: to raise & levy the sume of 2680 pounds and damages out of the lands and mannours of John Hutchinson Esq.

And the question being putt whether this Bill shall pass into a law. It was resolved in the affirmative.

Pa. 599."

* * * *

The Peterhouse portrait of Colonel Hutchinson is believed by the College to be a genuine portrait of the Governor, though no record of its history can be found. The; Master (Sir Adolphus Ward) describes it as follows: "Hair, long and flowing—its colour is very dark brown or black; eyebrows—black; moustache—very slight; eyes—brown, but there is some difficulty in deciding colours, as the portrait is rather faded; complexion— pale; the face is certainly thin; the cheeks are rather heavy, inclining to jowl; lips—red; small mouth, but under lips full in proportion; cuirass covering middle of body; over the left shoulder a sash, blue in colour." The Peterhouse portrait is the only one at present known which appears to have claims to be an authentic likeness of the Colonel, though if the colour of the eyes has been correctly read, its claim must fail, as the Colonel had oyes "of a lively grey" (Memoirs, page 4). In the Nottingham Castle Museum is a portrait which it is generally recognized cannot be of the Colonel, though it is so described. This portrait was formerly in the hearing my name turned to one another and gave those base terms, as 3 honest men that came behind affirmed to me."

* * * *

The commission,1 dated 10th April, 1644, issued to Colonel Hutchinson by the Earl of Essex, authorizing him "to Call a Councell of Warre as often as need shall require for the Tryall of the Officers and Souldgers of the Garrison of Nottingham," is now in the Nottingham Castle Museum. This and the commission from Fairfax were formerly in the collection of Mr. James Ward. A list of other Hutchinson documents in the possession of local collectors would be interesting.

(1) Reproduced in facsimile in the Transactions for 1899.