Nether Colwick during the de Colwick and Byron periods

The story of this part of the village may not give quite an impressive picture as Over Colwick, but it still plays an important part in the general history of all Colwick.

Simon de Lelashanc gave a bovate of land at Colwick to Felley Priory; confirmed by the Pope in 1194 along with other gifts.

Charter (undated) of Peter de Goldington giving to Belvoir Priory 2/3 of the tithes of his demesne at Colwick. Witnesses were Symone de Roppesleche and Robert filio Hugonis.

Rector here grants that Priory 2/3 of the tithes of the demesne of Rolf de Nowers except those 2½ acres given to Colwick Church for the chantry of the Chapel of Colwick.

1241. Notification by the Dean of Frameland and Walter, Vicar of Croxton that, in the dispute between Belvoir Priory and Robert, Rector of the Church of Colwick, they as deputies of the Abbot of Newbo and the Prior of Osolveston, to whom the Pope had committed it, have adjudged to the priory 2/3 of the tithes of sheaves and hay from the demesne of Rolf do Nowes.

This agreement was made in Eaton Church:
1256. Lease from Belvoir Priory to Robert the Chaplain of Orston of all the tithes of grain and hay belonging to the priory in the demesne of Colwick (Rolf do Nowes) for six years at 12s. a year.

Peter de Goldington 11, in 1242, was taxed to the war with France, 10s., for the ¾ of a knights fee that he held at Colwick. He died in 1252, leaving three daughters as co-heiresses. The marriage of Joan, his widow, was granted with her land in Notts., to Robert le Vavasour.  Denise, the eldest daughter  & co-heiress, married Miles de Hastings and in 1253, the King took the homage of Miles and William de Nowers, who had married Isabel, second daughter or Peter do Goldington, upon their taking two thirds of the inheritance of their father.

Robert de Nowes held a ¼ of a knights fee in Nether Colwick in 1250, which was worth 100s. a year and was regarded to be holding it in 1264. He was still holding this land in 1293 and also a ¼ of a fee of Goldington in 1302.

2nd July 1287. Notification by Roger do Hanred, prior of BeIvoir, and the convent there, ‘that to avoid disputes over the tithes arising from the demesne of Robt. de Nowes at Colwick, they granted them to Henry de Colwick, rector of the church there and to his successors for a fee farm rent of 18s. a year, by consent of Roger, Abbot of St. Albans.

Adam de Everingham, 1281. Inquest Post Mortem found that Reginald de Aslockton, William de Burton, Alexander de Le, Geoffrey and Matilda de Butler and William de Marcy held of the late Adam de Everingham, a knights fee in Gedling, Burton Joyce, Carlton, Stoke Bardolph and Colwick, and that Robert de Everingham was Adam’s son and heir. Robert de Everingham in 1287, held the sixth part of a knights fee here worth five marks a year. In 1286, this land was held on rent by Reginald do Aslockton from Robert.

William de Nowers, in 1282, held the 4th part of a knights fee of that honour in East Colwick. In 1292, Sir William do Nowes, granted to his son William de Nodaris, his messuage in Willoughby and all his lands and tenements, and services, Villeins and their effects, to have to the said William, and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten, remaining to the right heirs of Sir William.

1283. Alex de Whatton of Karleton (Carlton), recovered from Henry, son of Richard de Whatton and six others, four messuages, various lands and 5s. rent at Carlton and Colwick; “there were great suits afterwards about this land”, and in 1290, bastardy and error were pleaded in connection therewith.

1312. John do Nowers, sued William do Colwick for wrongful seizure of a bull, averring that as a holder of a messuage and 4 bovates of land in Nether Colwick, and lord of three parts of the village he was by ancient custom entitled to have one free bull throughout the whole village or Colwick. William replied that there was no such custom, and that the bull was taken in his (Colwick’s) cornfield beyond the fee of Nowers. Scope, as counsel for William, explained that he was lord of Over Colwick in demesne and in service, holding it of the King in chief, and the part of Nether Colwick belonged to William, and that the right of John de Nowers extended only to his messuage and bovates, not by way of lordship, and be had no right to a free bull as claimed. On the other hand, William de Colwick, in right of his manor and Lordship, had right to a free bull and a free boar, anywhere and everywhere throughout the two villages. William de Colwick, counter-sued for a boar ‘seized by Nowers in Colwick Croft at Nether Colwick’. The cases went to Jury who found for Nowers, whose bull had been seized trampling corn at a place called Woodlands, and with William de Colwick, one Davy, he was likewise in misericording.

Jury find, 1336, that John de Nowers held 1 messuage and a caricate of land with appurtenances in Nether Colwick, of Lady Grace do Nowers, by service of 4th part of a knights fee and that John his son was heir and was then of full age.

Fine levied at York, 1338, between John de Nowers of Nether Colwick and John, older son of William Moigne of Carlton, of thirteen messuages, nine bovates, 160 acres of land, sixty of meadow, one of wood, and 15d rent in Nether Colwick, Carlton and Beeston, which were then settled on John de Nowers (presumably the son of the one mentioned in 1312 & 1336) for life and then on William, son of Robert de Jorce and Margery, daughter of the said John de Nowers and their heirs.

In May, 1337, the King at Nottingham, issued order for John and Thomas de Nowers, imprisoned for trespass of venison in Sherwood Forest, to be released on bail. Like order (12th May, 1342) for Hugh, son of Richard de Greyne of Nether Colwick. It is recorded in l346, that William Jorce was holding a 4th part of a knights fee, which his father-in-law formerly held. Adam de Everingham, in 1359, settled property hereto and elsewhere on his son William.

Ralph Adirley (D.18 Aug 1433) Who had a manor at Colwick Nowers, (Nether Colwick) by his will dated 2nd February 1429, left 10s. to the Grey Friars and 6s. 8d. to the White Friars at Nottingham “so that both orders come to my manor of Colwick and to the parish church at my abequeis there, attending my vigils and mass where my body shall be buried”   Both he and his wife Elisabeth (whose will was dated 6th October 1435) desired burial in Colwick Church. Elizabeth died 26 February 1436 and was buried along with her husband in the church. Their sons were William and Sir Alan de Cranwell Ralph, who had a chapel in the church.

Bad ale at Colwick 1432. Thomas Abbot, ale seller, sued Thomas Sharpe of Cropwell for supplying him with damaged barley malt “which by the consumption of the ale thereof, made men sick and killed hogs and hens”

William Leek (D.1458). Left his land at Colwick to his son and heir, Sir John Leek of Sutton-in-the-dale who held land at Colwick in 1513-23. When he died in 1523, be left a Will dated December 1522 regarding his lands etc.

1533-38. Francis, his son and heir, sued Sir Godfrey Foljambe, late his guardian for detention of deeds relating to messuages and land at Colwick.

Robert Slory (D.1519). 1504-9 Item 59 Bundle 357 of Early Chancery Proceedings, is a suit by Robert Slory, against John Baguley, chaplin and other fees to uses respecting a mortgage on the manor of Colwick Nowers. In 1513, he let his manor to John Dunham, Richard Clark and Robert Sutton to pay off his debts to Benjamin Digby.

In 1512, Thomas Urwick and Thomas Brown in a recovery claimed the manor here against Robert Slory, With its appurtenances, and 6 messuages, 10 cottages, 60 acres land, 50 acres meadow, 50 acres pasture, 40 acres wood, 60 acres marsh, 40 acres heath, and £10 rent in Colwick Nower, Over Colwick and Nether Colwick. Slory was a man of great possessions and his daughters were married to Hussy and Wood. All his lands later on passed onto the Woods.

Robert Slorye. Delivered into court 26 Sept 11 Henry VIII (1519) Inquisition taken at Allerton in Shirwodde, 26 Sept 11 Henry VIII (1519); before George Watneys escheator after the death of Robert Slorye, by oath, of Christopher Wodde gentleman, Thomas Crecy gentleta, John Leeke of Halorr gentleman John Upton of West Retforth, Thomas Robynnett of Rampton, Alexander Kyrkby of Markham, William Belydd, Thomas Lambe of Drayton, Robert Porter of Markham, William Ferncarye of Egmonton, George Leggett of Trusswell, Alexander Mynnatt of the same place and John Spurr of Cromwell, who say that.

Robert Slorie was seized in his demesne as of the manor of Colwyke Nowers, 1 messuage, 80 acres of land, 60 acres of meadow, 40 acres of pasture in Colwyke Newers, and so seized, by his charter 3 May 2 Henry VIII (1510) granted the said manor and premises to John Baguley chaplain, James Mason of Celston and Roland Echard of Gedlying their heirs and assigns, who thereupon became seized of the same in their demesne as of the fee of the said Robert Slorie and his heirs for ever.

And so seized by their indenture 4th Jan, 4 Henry VIII (1512-13) made between John Dunham esquire, Richard Clerk and Robert Sutton of the one part and Robert Sutton, gentleman of the other part it was agreed that in consideration of a sum of money paid to said Robert, which sum he owed to Benjamin Dygby, he, Robert, should grant the manor for 7 years to John Dunham, Richard Clerk and John Sutton without anything therefor or to be paid to Robert Slorye excepting only the yearly rent and service to the chief lords. And also that any person or persons who then were seized of the manor and premises should also be seized to the use of the said Dunham, Clerk and Sutton for 7 years.

So seized, Mason, Baguley and Echard, at the instance as well, of Robert Slorie as of Dunham, Clerk and Sutton, by their charter 20 Jan, 4 Henry VIII (1512-13) delivered the manor and other premises to Sir Thomas Sutton, knight, Richard Bassett, Humphrey Hercy, John Bassett, son and heir apparent of the said Richard, John Newport, and Thomas Willoughby, their heirs and assigns. By virtue of which charter they became seized of the manor and premises to the use of Dunham, Clerk and Robert Sutton for 7 years. And so seized John Newport and Robert Sutton died, and Sir Thomas Sutton, Bassett, Mercy, Basset and Willoughby survived and still are seized of the manor and premises to the use aforesaid.

And on 6th July, 11 Henry VIII (1519) at Calverton, Robert Slorie made his will and made John Dunham and Richard Clerk his executors and willed that after the term of 7 years the feoffees should be seized of the manor and premises to the use of the payment of all his debts and that the executors should take the issues and profits until such full payment.

They say that the manor is held of the King as this honour of this castle of Notyngham by the service of fealty and a rent of 18 pence for all services and is worth in all issues besides reprises 20 marcs.

And the messuage and other premises are held of Sir William Hastynge, knight, as of his manor of Arnall by the service of 5 shillings and by what other services they know not, and are worth yearly in all issues besides reprises 13s. 4d.

Further they say that Robert Slorye was seized on that day he died of 1 messuage, 2 tofts and 20 acres of land in Calverton, in his demesne as of fee, which messuage and lands are held of the King as of his Duchy of Lancaster by the service of fealty, and are worth yearly in all services besides reprises 13s.4d.

Robert Slorye died 6 July, 11 Henry VIII (1519) and Elizabeth Slorie is his daughter and next heir and is aged 19 years and upwards. (Inq. Post Mortem 11 Henry VIII, No. 22.)

1535, Newstead Priory was receiving a rent of 2s. from Colwick.

1540, Henry Markhouse held a messuage at Nether Colwick.

17th January 1565/6. Conveyance: Sir John Molyneux, of Thorpe-next-Newark, to Sir Robert Wood :— capital messuage occupied by William Martyn in Nether Colwick and residue of property there and in Carlton occupied by W.M., Henry Carman and Henrie WHETLEY (except 3 selions of land in Carlton, adjoining windmill of Sir J .M.) ; — power of attorney to George Leversey and Richard Leeson of Gedling, with Robert Fletcher, Edward Wileoke, William Wrigley, Henry Carman, William Martyn, Rauff Homes and Richard Wilkynson.

1592. The plague was abroad and Nottingham raised a fund in aid of its poorer victims and Colwick contributed 20s.

1619. The wife of Richard Baguley, of Colwick was presented as a Popish recusant. The wife of Sir Henry Hastings (1626) and Edward and Walter Hastings, gentlemen, (1626) Sir George Pecham (1632) and John Harrison (1642) all of Colwick were presented as Popish recusants.

2nd March, 1630/1. Property at Colwiok was included in £24,000 Bargain Sale by Phillip, Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery, Sir Benjamin Rudyerd, surveyor of the Court of Wards and Liveries and Sir Robert Pye of Westminster to William, Earl of Newcastle and Sir Charles Cavendish of Welbeck.

1631. Conveyance for £3,500 : William, Earl of Newcastle and his brother, Sir Charles Cavendish of Welbeck to John Nevile, William Childers and Robert Marples of Holbeck Woodhouse, gents, household servants to Robert, Earl of Kingston upon Hull. Property at Colwick included in this conveyance.

Colwick Cheese was first made by a certain John Clarkson, who died in 1645, and was one of the family who were buried in the nave of the old church at the tower end.

Byron pedigees (Owners of Colwick)

Sir Richard Byron of Clayton, Lancs. D.1397           


Joane de Colwick, Daughter of William de Colwick

John Byron de Clayton   B.1387 D.1450-5


Margery, daughter of John Booth, of Barton, Lancs. D.1460

Nicholas Byron de Clayton
B.1415? D.1462


Alicia Boteler, of Bewsey, Lancs. Living 1489-90

Sir John Byron of Colwick
B.1487  D.1567


Isabel Lemington (1st wife) - Elizabeth Costerdine (2nd wife)  - D.1580

Sir John Byron of Colwick
B.1527 D.1603


Alice Strelley, daughter of Sir Nicholas Strelley

Sir John Byron
B.1560 D.1622


Margaret Fitzwilliam, daughter of Sir William. B.1558 D.1622

Sir John Byron
B.1585 D.1650


Anne Molineux, daughter of Sir Richard B.1583 D.1625

Sir John Byron 1st Lord


Cecile Bindlose (1st wife)
Eleanor Warburton (2nd wife) B.1600  D. 1652 

Sir Richard Byron 2nd Lord


Elizabeth Rossel (1st wife)
Elizabeth Booth (2nd wife) B. 1605  D. 1679