Pedigree of the Noble Family of Monckton-Arundel, Viscounts Galway.

Arms : Quarterly, 1 and 4, Sable, six swallows, three, two, and one, argent, for Arundell; 2 and 3, Sable, on a chevron between three martlets or, as many mullets of the field, for Monckton.
Crest of Arundel : On a chapeau sable, turned up ermine, a swallow argent.
Crest of Monckton : On a wreath a martlet or.
Supporters : Two unicorns ermine, gorged with Eastern crowns or.

Pedigree of the Monckton-Arundell, Viscounts Galway

I shall now append a few additional historical notices of the Monckton family, connecting them by numerals with the persons to whom they refer in the pedigree:

1. Sir Francis Monckton, father of Sir Philip, furnished Charles the First with large supplies of money whilst he was at York.

2. Sir Philip, then very young, was in the regiment of Sir T. Metham when the King attacked Hull. He was in the Yorkshire army, which the Earl of Newcastle led against the Scots, and on account of his gallant conduct at Corbridge, in Northumberland, was knighted. He was in the fatal engagement at Marston Moor; and in the equally disastrous one of Naseby he lost three horses; and was wounded at Rowton Heath, where he commanded Sir Marmaduke Langdale's brigade. In 1648, when the Duke of Hamilton revived the hopes of the Royalists, Sir Philip was charged with the care of the King's interests in Yorkshire. He afterwards fought a desperate battle with Colonel Eossiter at Willoughby, where his little force was nearly totally destroyed, and he himself taken prisoner. Sir Philip conceived that it was through the interposition of Sir Thomas Fairfax that his life was spared. He was imprisoned at Belvoir Castle; but finally, in December, 1648, was permitted to leave the island. Here is one of his confiding and affectionate letters to his mother, written during this his exile from his country—

"Bruxelles, Nov. 19, 1649.

"Deare Mother,—I wish that I had anie thing moore worthy of your acceptance than the picture, which I could almost wish that I had not sent it, if you suffer the sight of it to cause any sadnesse in you. I thanke God I live here very quiett and contented untill it please God to sende us a happy meeteing, which I do not doubt of in His good time, with joy and comfort. As you have allwaies instructed me to make it my chiefe care to serve God, soe I hope I shall have grace to worship Him and obey you, whose loveinge kindnesse to me has beene moore than motherly, which does oblige me to beseche you not to be troubled at the thinges of this world, for the love you beare him that dailye praies for your happinesse, and will ever remaine,

" Yor most dutiful sonne,
" Ph. Monckton."

Towards the close of 1651 he was in England again, and took so earnest and active a part in the measures which were concerted for the restoration of Charles II., that the King wrote to him, acknowledging his services and promising to reward him. About 1655 he was arrested for having plotted an insurrection in London, and brought before the Protector, who repeated to him the heads of a conversation which he had held with one whom he had considered equally zealous with himself in the promotion of the King's return. From this time he was kept a close prisoner, and lie conceived that the death of Cromwell alone saved him from being sent to Jamaica.

On being released he retired to York. On the 1st January, 1659, when Lilburn had possession of this city with a strong garrison, and Fairfax was at the gates, Sir Philip caused a diversion by heading a band of citizens, and thereby materially facilitated the entrance of Fairfax. It appears in fact that the county of York was so warmly disposed towards the exiled King, that General Monck and Lord Fairfax, who had become identified in principles, and had for some time maintained a secret correspondence, entertained strong doubts whether they should not proclaim him in the city.

"After the Restoration (I quote the words of Mr. Hunter, South Yorkshire, ii. 418), he received commissions from the King, and made himself active in all times of public disturbance. If there was a rumour of a plot, Sir Philip was the first to gather and communicate information; and, as plots in those days were often any thing but dangerous to the government, his sagacity and zeal were not always so acceptable as he hoped at the council table. Here I believe was the ground of the bad understanding which appears to have subsisted between him and the Earl of Clarendon, who never condescends to mention him in his 'History of the Rebellion,' to whose fall Sir Philip imagined that he contributed. In the year of his shrievalty of Yorkshire he undertook to deal with a person who was the object of popular indignation, the clerk of the peace, who was charged with great extortion in his office. He made great exertions to bring to light the delinquencies of this person, and collected a great body of evidence. The affair brought upon him great trouble, expense, and vexation. In his private affairs he had endless suits and solicitations . . . . . . His eventful, hurried, and anxious life closed in 1678 or 1679, and he was interred in the church of South Newbold, where some warlike trophies, which hung over his grave, were lately to be seen."

3. I give the petition of Margaret Monckton for the seignory of Howdenshire, addressed to Charles II.

"To the King's Most Excellent Majesty.

"The humble Petition of Margaret Monckton humbly sheweth, that yor Petitrs father Sr Philip, and her grandfather Sr Francis, and her great-grandfather Sr Philip Monckton, had the honour to live some years under sequestration for their loyalty and love to yr Majties blessed father; and yt after yor Petitrs father had two compositions made for him and brought home from two banishments, he was not satisfied with those demonstrations of his love and loyalty to yor Maties royall famaly (in whose service he had ten horses shot and killed under him), but did expend all the portion of yor Petitrs mother, wch was betwixt two and three thousand pounds, in plotteing and contriveing yor Maties restauration, in wch God was pleased to make him in some measure instrumental by getteing Yorke out of Coll. Lilburne's handes, which he did with great hazard of his life and expence of money. Now in regard of ye great sufferings and services of yor Petitrs father, and yt if it should please God to take him out of this worlde he cannot leave yor Petitr any portion, Yor Petitr doth therefore humbly pray that yor Maiy would be graciously pleased to give yor Petitr the profits of ye Signiory of Howdenshire belonging to the Bishoprick of Durham, provided the staithes be repaired and maintained.

"At the Court at Whitehall, 7br 11th, 73, His Maity retaineing a gracious sense of ye sufferings and services of ye Petitrs famaly, and beeing in consideration thereof inclined to gratifie her in this request, is pleased to refer and recommend it to ye right honble my Lord High Treasurer of England, to consider thereof and report what his Maty may fitly doe in it without manifest inconveniency to his service, upon which his Maty will declare his further pleasure.


4.  Robert Monckton retired to Holland in the time of James II. He returned with William, and received from him the commission of Captain in the regiment of foot commanded by Lord Mordaunt. He was in the reign of William a commissioner of trade and plantations, and represented Pontefract and Aldborough in several parliaments.

5.  John Monckton first Viscount Galway was in 1734 made one of the commissioners of the revenue in Ireland, and took his seat in the Upper House there 4 Oct. 1727.

6.  William, second Viscount, made in 1748 receiver-general of his Majesty's crown and fee-farm rents in the counties of York, Westmerland, Durham, &c. His aunt, Lady Frances Manners, married Richard Arundell (the son of John Lord Arundell by the widow of Sir Richard Mauleverer, of Allerton Mauleverer, near Knaresborough, to which widow had been bequeathed the property by her son Richard Mauleverer, who died unmarried,) who, dying in 1758 without children, left his estates to his wife Lady Frances. She died in 1769, and bequeathed Allerton Mauleverer to her nephew William Viscount Galway, who in consequence took the name of Arundell.

7.  Robert Monckton Arundell, fourth Viscount, sold Allerton Mauleverer in 1786 to the Duke of York, who resided there for some time in 1787 and 1789 with his brother the Prince of Wales.

Ancient Charters and Documents of Serlby Muniment Room; Reg. Priorat. de Blida, ff. 88, 89, 82 ; Camden, Monast. Anglic.; Calamy, Lives of Ejected Ministers, pp. 526, 527 ; Dr. Calamy's Continuation, p. 690.