The various Hundreds had to pay compensation in respect of highway robberies by persons unknown.

On 6th October, 1609, the Hundred of Bassetlaw were ordered to pay £12 to Charles Hall in compensation for robbery.

On 11th January, 1655-1656, an order was made in respect of two severall Robberies that hath lately beene committed by daytime within the Hundred of Bassetlaw vizt one neere unto Scrofton ffoard from one Thomas Parke of Mosborough in the County of Derby who was robbed of £7 and another sithence in the roadway between Worksopp and Rettford upon one Edward Spyvall of Ordsall in this County who had taken from him £16 11 4 for which said Robberies the said Hundred is lyable to make recompense in regard the said Robbers are escaped.

On 14th January, 1656-1657, Willm Smith Constable of Thorney and Sub Collector for ye Assessments to the Armies made oath that he having collected the some of £11 4 7 of the Inhabitants of the said Towne for three monthes Assessmt to the Army and goeing on ye highway with the said money to pay ye same to the high Collector on All Saints day last was robbed of ye said money in the highway at Girton about two of ye clocke in the afternoon of the said day by three theeves who grievously wounded him against whom he speedily levyed hue and cry and repaired to the next Justice to make oath. An Order was made on the Hundred of Newarke.

On 16th July, 1658, an Assessment of £15 on the Wapentake of Bassetlaw was ordered towards ye defraying of the charges of suite brought at Common Law against the Inhabitants of the said Wapentake by ffrancis Molyneux Esq. and Matthew Carter his servant for a Robbery committed upon them in the highway within the said Wapentake.

On 7th January, 1660-1661, the Inhabitants Broxtowe Hundred were ordered to repay to Anne Rivett of Eastwood spinster the sum of 8/8 of which she was robbed on ye 14 of November last about 3 of ye clock in ye afternoon as she was travelling on ye Kings highway between Lenton and Nottingham in Nott parke by a man unknown to her who escaped away after ye said fact.

On 8th October, 1675, it was ordered that Justice Sandys doe pay to John ffootit ye sum of £9 4 0 wch he was robbed of.

On 14th January, 1686-1687, Bassetlaw was ordered to pay Ralph Graves of Hodsock £8 2 6 wch he was robbed of Sandyhill in Harworth Comon.

On 13th January, 1698-1699, payment was ordered to Jeremiah Clarke of Moorgate of £7 4 0 which was feloniously taken away from him by three persons unknowne, in the parish of Worksoppe.

From the following entries it would appear that the Justices on one occasion, at any rate, resisted a claim for compensation:

On 7th April, 1688, an order was made for payment of £20 towards the charges of defending a suit against Jonathan Herring, "who pretends hee was robbed," to Mr. Joseph Acklam Attorney who is employed in managing of ye suit on behalf of ye Hundred.

On 11th October, 1689, £60 was ordered to be raised and paid to Mr. Joseph Acklom employed as Attorney to defend ye Hundred from Jon Herring who pleaded himself to be robbed therein.

The result of the action is not stated.

On the 11th October, 1689, 40/- was ordered to be paid to Mr. Jonath Acklom being charges at Law in defending a suite brought against John Royalls Constable of Blyth at ye suite of Corbitt Nevison for seizing and takeing ye said Nevison into custody being accused for robbing on ye highway. Ye said Mr. Acklom being employed by ye Justices.


On 7th August, 1689, an Order was made that Mr. Charles Brunt and Mr. Matthew Linley or one of them "shall cause totally to be demolish and pulld downe ye hutt wherein one . . . . . . . fflint did lately inhabit, standing neare Rainworth in ye fforest of Sherwood wch is complayned of for being a place to receive dangerous Rogues and highwaymen to ye great prejudice of their Majesty's Leige people."


There are many records of persons being "committed to the Common Gaole until they shall take the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacie," and for "refusing" and "denying" to take such Oath.

Many of such entries are in the reign of Charles II.

In the reign of William III. Oaths of Supremacy and abjuration were prescribed, and the "rough Minute book" Vol. 15, contains the names of persons who took these oaths after the Accession of William and Mary. Unfortunately this book (Vol. 15) is in a very defective condition, and several of the earlier leaves have been torn off and lost. Consequently the list of names is not as complete as it might have been.

Among the names recorded, besides those of Acting Magistrates, Clergymen, Excisemen and Gagers, are the following:

The Right Hon. William Earl of Kingston (1689)
The Right Hon. John Earl of Clare (1689)
Sir William Stanhope of Shelford Manor (1689)

East Retford. Symon Woolbey, Gent, Senior Bayliff and William Dunston Jun. Townes Clarke (1689), Thomas Rawson, Alderman (1689), James Lane, Attorney at law (1689), Will Dunston, Senr., Gent. (1689). Henry Bower, Schoolmaster (1689), Lawrence King, Gent. (1689), Thomas Rawson, Senior Bailiff and Philip Moody, Junior Bailiff (1690), William Dunstall, Senescall and Cotton Gill, Senescall (1694)

Kneeton. John Story, Gent. (1689)

Elston. Arthur Linsey, Gent. (1689)

Lowdham. Peter Broughton, Gent. (1689)

Welham. Edward Southward, Gent. (1689)

Walkeringham. Robert Williamson (1689)

Wigsley. Edward Howard (1689)

Worsope. Richard Somersall (1689)

North Retford. Matthew Nicholson and Will Hunt (1689)

Mansfield. John Trueman, Verdurer, and Robert Hill, Gent. (1689)

Nottingham. "Fra Pierripon," Esquire, and Willm Pierripont, Esquire (1689), Joseph Holden, Gent, and gager (1691)

Warsope. John Knight, Esq. (1689)

Sutton Super Trent. John Thrussell (1689)

Bawtry. Robt Langley, Gent., Aquilla Dawson, Mercer, Samuel Thompson, Gent, and Jonath Ackham, Gent. (1689), Benjm Day, Master or Keeper of ye Hospital of St. Mary Magdalen near Bawtry (1690)

Colwick. John Brierley of Colwick Court (1690)

Orson. John Kirchwall, Gent. (1691)

Babworth. Lucas ffrith, Gent. (1692)

There were many entries in the reign of William III. of refusal to take the Oath:

In 1692, Thom Smith of Holbeck juxta Cuckney gent, "had ye Oath of Allegiance tendered unto him wch he refused to take Upon which he paid 40/- into ye hands of ye Constables of Warsope for ye use "of ye poore thereof."

In 1693, Robert Barneby of Worksop was committed to gaol "for refusing to take Oath of Allegiance and supremacy and to pay his fine of 40/-."

In 1693, Henry Burden was sent for trial at Assizes for refusing to take the Oaths.

The following is an instance of Summons being issued to persons to appear and take the Oath:

In 1695, upon the Oath of Jonathan Burrows:
     Mr. Edwd Willoughby Of Espley.
     Francis Willoughby of Cossall Esqre
     Robert Willoughby of Radford gent
and upon the Oath of Luke Jackson
     Sir Gervas Clifton of Clifton Bart
     Robt Clifton of Clifton gent &
     .....Cockley of Clifton Esqre
were summoned to appear at the General Sessions of the Peace to be holden at Nottingham by virtue of a Warrant under the hand and seal of Sir ffranc Molyneux Bart and John Yarborough Esqre to take office according to a late Act of Parliament made in the first yeare of the raigne of King William and Queen Mary and to subscribe the Declaration mensoned in the 13th Chas II. intituled an Act for the more effectual preservation of the Kings person and Government by disabling papists from sitting in either House of Parliament.


The following are entries of the indictment of persons for using seditious and perilous words against the King: 

Against the late Queen Elizabeth.

On 18th July, 1623, a weaver of Mansfield was sent for trail at the Assizes for "scandalous words against the Lady Elizabeth late Queen of England &c."

In the Reign of James I.

On 9th April, 1619, Richard Wolf of Worksop, yeoman, was sent for trial at the Assizes for "publishing and uttering certain perilous and scandalous words against Queen Elizabeth and the present state of this Kingdom."

On 10th January, 1619-1620, Thomas Goode of Lowdham, clerk, was sent to gaol for "saying certain perilous words against our Lord the King."

In the Reign of Charles I.

On 3rd October, 1625, Hugh Till a prisoner in gaol, was sent for trial at the Assizes for speaking and uttering certain words derogatory to his Majesty and his Crown viz." That Kinge Charles was not Kinge of England but of Scotland only, because he was borne there."

On 20th April, 1628, Thomas Haughton of Gunthorpe, laborer, was sent to gaol "for saying that he cared not for the King."

On 16th January, 1628-1629, Thomas Coleby and Thomas Stow, gentlemen were indicted for "divers bad contemptuous and uncivil words uttered by them against our lord the King."

On 3rd October, 1631, a yeoman of Skarrington was indicted for certain seditious and scandalous words against the King uttered by him.

On 24th April, 1638, John Bullock of Fledborough, yeoman, was indicted for saying "That King Charles was not King of England for he had his Vice Roy my Lord of Sothampton in the South and the Lord of Newcastle in the North." Also "that the King was King of Great Brittaine but not King of England."

On 17th April, 1640, a husbandman of Wyeston was indicted for certain words by him uttered against the King.

During the Commonwealth.

On 10th October, 1656, a yeoman of Misterton was bound over for good behaviour for speaking scandalous words against His Highnes ye Lord Protector; and John Cross of Misterton was indicted for concealing works spoke against his highnes ye Lord Protector from Midsomr Tearme until about a month agoe.

In the Reign of Charles II.

On 1st October, 1660, Samuel Kendall of Widmerpoole, clerk, was indicted for contumelous words agst the lord the King (Chas. II.)

On 7th January, 1660-1661, John Judson was sent for trial at the Assizes for certain seditious words by him uttered against King Charles I. late King of England &c.

On 16th July, 1684, Walter flaunt of Collingham was indicted for speaking these words — I do not care a — nor a — for ye King nor his Government.

On 16th July, 1678, Isabel Riddell, a married woman of South Leverton, was indicted for scandalous and seditious words against the lord the King.

In the Reign or William III.

On 8th April, 1690, Daniel Clay of Mansfield was put in the pillory for speaking these words: "God dam King William and Queen Mary and yt King James both should and would come again."

On 14th July, 1690, Cornelius Raven was bound over to appear at Assizes to make answer for speaking seditious words.

On 22nd April, 1696, George Lee of ffarndon sworne in Court gave evidence that George Wilkinson "dranke King James health (in these words) Heres a health to King James (about Valentines Day last) and that John Clarke did the like."
      [John Clarke took the oath but George Wilkinson refused and paid 40/-.]


In one of the Sessions Rolls there is the following document in reference to the "Assassination Plot," 1696:

County of


Memorandum that at a General Quarter Sessions of the Peace held by adjournment at Barnby in le Moore in the County of Nottingham aforesaid and for the County of Nottingham aforesaid on Wednesday the 29th June in the 8th year of the Reign of William III. Before ffranc Stringer Richard Taylor and John Thornhagh Justices &c. &c.

Whereas there has been a horrid and detestable Conspiracy fformed and carried on by Papists and other wicked and Traitorous persons for Assassinating his Maj estyes Royall person in order to encourage an Invasion from ffrance, to subvert our Relegion Laws and Libertyes wee whose names are hereunto subscribed doe hartyly, sincerely and solemnly professe, testify and declare That His present Majesty King William is rightffull and Lawfull King of these Realmes. And wee doe mutually promise and engage to stand by and Assist each other to the utmost of our power in the support and defence of His Maj estyes most sacred person and Government against the late King James and all his Adherents. And in case his Majesty come to any violent and untimely death (wch God forbid) wee doe hereby further ffreely and unanimously oblidge ourselves to unite, associate and stand by each other in Revengeing ye same upon his enemies and their Adherents and in supporting and defending the succession of ye crown according to an Act made in the first yeare of the Raigne of King William and Queene Mary entituled An Act declaring the rights and Libtyes of the subject and settling the succession of ye Crown

W. Simpson Edward Panton
ffr Stringer John Maynard
Geo Cooke Fran Hopkins
Jonathan Burrowes Jno Burton"
Luke Jackson

On the back of this document are forty-eight signatures to the following Declaration:

"I doe declare that I do beleive that there is not any transubstantiation in the Sacrament of ye Lords Supper, Or in the Elements of Bread and Wine, at or after the consecration thereof By any person"

made at Adjourned Quarter Sessions at Barnby on the 22nd May, 5th June and 9th June; and at East Retford on the 9th October in the same year, viz., 8 William III.

Among these signatures are those of ff. Sandys, Jo. White, John Thornhagh, Jon. Acklom, Richd. Taylor, W. Simpson, Fr. Stringer, Jonathan Burrowes, Geo. Cooke, Luke Jackson, &c, &c.

There were probably similar documents signed at other Sessions in the County, but they have not been preserved.


Purveyance was a right formerly enjoyed by the Crown of buying up provisions and other necessaries, by the intervention of the royal purveyors, for the use of the royal household, at a fixed sum, in preference to all other customers, and even without the consent of the owners.

Also of forcibly impressing the carriages and horses of the subject in order to expedite the King's business on the public roads, however inconvenient to the proprietor, on paying him a settled price.

In the reign of Charles I. the exercise of this right of purveyance was a serious cause of complaint, and by the Long Parliament it was much restricted.

The following entries relate to purveyance in this County in the reign of Charles I.:—

On 7th January, 1632-1633, Thomas Newton of Kirkby in Ashfield, gentleman proferred and showed here in the Court two acquittances for the provisioning of the royal household for the year now last passed. The acquittances were ordered to be filed among the records of this Sessions.

On 14th July, 1634, Thomas Newton, gentleman, produced acquitance for the King's provision from the County, dated 13 May last. Ordered to be filed.

On 9th October, 1635, an Order was made for the payment of £10 to Thomas Newton provisore anglice undertaker, for the providing of bovum, ovum et Porcom anglice Beeves, muttons and porketts for the household of the Royal Majesty more than was paid the two years last past. It was likewise ordered that the same allowance should be made for this next year.

On 2nd October, 1637, Thomas Newton produced three acquittances for the provisioning the King's household for 3 years last past. Ordered to be filed.

On the 11th July, 1636, the following Order was made:

"that ye Inhabitants of Mansfield who keeps Draughts shall contribute to ye charge of those yt lately went with ye Kings Carriages"; 

but no further particulars are given.


Charles I. dissolved Parliament on June 15th, 1626 to prevent its insisting on the dismissal of the Duke of Buckingham from the King's Council. Consequently, he was left without funds to carry on the war with Spain. By the advice of his Council, he issued a commission for levying "customs subsidies and imposts," and requiring loans in open violation of the privileges of Parliament.

Every means of persuasion as well as of force were resorted to, to obtain the loan, but resistance was universal. The Northern Counties set the Crown at defiance, and several Counties refused utterly to lend the money.

On the 16th April, 1627, the following entry appears in the Notts. Quarter Sessions Records:

Mem that the 16th February 2 Car I. (1627) the most noble William Viscount Mansfield, Gervase Clifton Knight and Baronet, Sir George Lassells, Sir Thomas Hutchinson, Sir ffrancis Thornhagh, Wm. Cooper, Robert Pierrepont, Robert Sutton, John Wood, Gervase Tevery and William Coke Esquires appointed Justices of the lord the King for keeping his peace (among others) in the County of Nottingham handed over to the Clerk of the Peace of the same County a certain writing on parchment drawn up and signed by their own hands being a copy of a certain letter sent by them directed to the most noble Lords the sacred Royal Commissioners, which Justices gave orders to the said Clerk of Peace that that writing should be enrolled by him among the Records of the Peace of the same County the tenour of which letter follows in these words viz.:
      May it please yor Lordships having lately performed the service for the Loane of this Countrye to his Majesty with as much expedicon and punctual observacon of his Majesty's instruccons both concerning others and ourselves as wee possibly could we are now bound to give yor Lordships an account thereof haveing herewth sent one part of the Rolls, contayning what is lent, and the Collectors bonds. The Countrey at first, not a little perplexed wth the height of the demand, and the manner of it, as not being moulded and concluded in Parliament, held off some while. But being made more plainly to understand by us, the pressing necessity at this instant for defence of Gods true Relligion and the weale publique, and gracious promise of his Majesty to repaie the said moneys now lent, so soone as hee shall be enabled thereunto, and not to make use of this President in future, nor intermitt the summoning of Parliaments so often as the State occasions should require, but rather be invited to the frequency thereof, by their cheerful conformity to the extraordinarie corse at this time desired for supply; they were perswaded generallie to submitt; And therefore at the time of Collecting of the moneys we presumed on the libertie given by the Instruccons where disabilitie and decay of persons in the List sent downe was certainly knowne to us, to suspend some wholly, and qualify others in small measure, where the some in grosse seemed too heavy for them in our judgemts, either by late increase stollen uppon them, or reason of office, being men of meane fortunes and greate charges of debts, children or both, referring the approbacon thereof to your Lordships further pleasure and comanndemt, the same not amounting to any considerable valew in the totall, nor unrecompenced in the speedy paymt of the residue, for wch noe man hath more daies assigned then one, and that within fourteen daies next following his assent, albeit insisted upon by divers manie gentlemen and others who lent money uppon the first Privie Seales (grounding themselves uppon a rumor and example of some other Countreys that where they were greater then this Loane presently required, they should have paid unto them the remaynder And where the somes were less then now loane should be received in part thereof) pleaded that poynt when their turnes came But we thought it not fit to admit anie such answer in barre of his Majesty's instant service without your Lordships resolucon therein first made knowne unto us which (when your Lordships shall vouchsafe) we have promised to impart. The time given to the Collectors somewhat (we confesse) exceeding our limitacon, we hope your Lordships will not be displeased with, for that the season of the yeare now serving worst for returne of their moneys, made them entertaine the place with greate difficulty, and ourselves in that respect to comply more with them in point of time, Neither with the detaynor of twelve pounds out of John Boothes charge, one of the Collectors, for part of ye Wapentake of Bassetlaw, to be distributed amongst the Commissioners Clerks for their materials and paynes of wryting used in that service. The names of the Comissioners who have beene absent in the execucon thereof (not out of anie disaffection as we conceive but other accident all and just impedimt) as also of some gentleman and others, who have not given their answers unto us, we have certified in a Schedule hereunto annexed. And beseeching God ever to blesse his Majesty's sacred person and actions, and prosper your Lordships honorble Counsells for both, we humbly rest your Lordships in all service to be comannded
But that writing itself signed by the hands of the aforesaid Justices as above remains on record in the Bundell of this year among the Records of the Peace of the same year.

The "Bundell of this year" is not in existence.

There is no further entry about the Loan in the County Records, but from the State Papers it appears that:

On August 4th, 1627,* "W. Mansfield, Gervas Clifton, Hardolph Wasteneys, Ro. Sutton, W. Cooper," wrote from Bolsover to the Right Honorable the Lords and others of his Majesty's most honourable Pryvy Councell that the Commissioners who had beene absent from the service were "Sir Henry Sherley who is resident in Leicestershire, and there lent (as it is affirmed). Sir George Chaworth who then lyved in London and there lent as hee affirmeth. Sir Thomas Hutchinson who at the beginning of the service was forth of the country, but towardes the end attended the same and willingly condiscended to lend, and subscribed both to the Book and Certificate." The Commissioners went on to say that the Collectors had already paid in all their moneys excepting some few sommes and those not amounting to above the value of £27 through the whole shire."

The Records do not mention the amount of the Loan, but the following document copied from the volumes of State Papers give information as to the amount collected and paid:

(1) "The Account of John Booth of South Wheatley gent, the late Collector within the Wapentakes of Bassetlowe for the late loane money to his Majestie delivered by him to the Commissioners for the said loan the nth day of September in the third yeare of his Majesties Raigne of England with the names of such persons as the said John Booth sayeth have hitherto deferred and not yet payd unto him any of the summes of money sett upon their severall names in his Roll Indented dated and delivered unto him by the Commissioners for the said loane the eight day of February in the second yeare of his Majesties Raigne
Summe totall to bee Collected by him as by his said Roll Indented appeareth is £514 16 8
Summe Collected and payd by him into the Exchequer is £497 10 0.
There remaineth uncollected and unpayd £17 6 8

(2) "The Account of William Sturtevant of Norwell, gent, late Collector within the hundred and towne of Newark and the division of South Claye in the Wapentake of Bassetlawe for the loane money to his Majestie delivered by him to the Commissioners for the said Loane the eleaventh day of September in the third yeare of his Majesties Raigne of England &c with the names of such persons as have hitherto deferred and not yet paid unto him any of the summes of money sett upon their several names in his Roll delivered unto him by the Commissioners for the said Loane in February in the second yeare of his Majesties Raigne
The summe totall to be collected by him as by his said Roll appeareth as £545 13 4
Whereof paid into the Exchequer £527 6 8
Soe the Remainder uncollected is £18 6 8

(3) "The Account of Robert Reynes of Stanford, Esquier, late Collector within the hundreds of Bingham and Rushcliffe for the said late loane money to his Majestie
Summe uncollected and unpayd £10 13 4
Summe totall to bee Collected by him as by his Roll appeareth £457 6 8
Whereof payd into the Exchequer as by his Taleys appeareth £440 13 4

(4) "The Accounte of Thomas Trigott of Mansfield Esquire late Collector within the hundreds of Broxtowe and Thurgarton Aliegh for the late loane money to his Majestie delivered by him to the Commissioners for the said loane Sept 11th the third yeare
The summe totall to bee collected by him as may appeare by his Roll delivered unto him by the Commissioners in February in the second yeare £734 9 6
The Summe Collected and payd into the Exchequer is £729 9 6
which is all the money that hee sayeth hee is charged to pay by his said Roll except the money sett in the said Roll upon deade removed or paupered persons and except three pounds which was abated and allowed unto him in the Exchequer

[These papers are endorsed
11 Sept. 1627
County of Nottingham
(State Papers. Dom. Charles I. Vol. 78)]

It will be seen from these Accounts that not a single person in the County is returned as refusing to pay the illegal loan to which there was so much opposition in the Country generally. But that the loan was unpopular in the County may be gathered from the letter signed by the Justices.

On the 10th October, 1628, a warrant was issued against Anthony Else Junr of Carlton in Lindrick, yeoman, "for reviling (maledixend) Robert Mellish gentleman Collector of the subsidy for the use of the King."


In the reign of Edward I. posts were established where horses were to be had for hire. They were meant for the conveyance of government despatches only; but by degrees private individuals were able to make use of them.

On 4th October, 1609, on view of the ordinance by the lords of the Council of the lord the King for Veredis anglice Posthorses the Court here [at Newark] with the consent of the County decreed that every person occupying a farm in every township in the County of Nottingham within the circuit of five miles according to the common computation in every direction from the town of Newark shall give and deliver to magistro veredorum anglice the postmaster of the town of Newark for each bovat terre anglice ploughland that he occupies in the aforesaid township in and after Wednesday after the feast of St. Andrew the Apostle next coming one peck of peas and for each half ploughland there half a peck of peas And upon delivery thereof in the aforesaid form every such person shall be free from providing posthorses for an entire year then next following And the aforesaid Postmaster shall give to every person so delivering peas scriptum anglice a ticket' under his hand And the Chief Constable before the feast of St. Martin the Bishop in winter shall certify the names of those who do not observe this order with that intent that the lords of the Council shall be certified concerning those who have made default in the premises.

On 5th October, 1638, it was ordered by the Court on the oath of Archibald Pattison of Scrooby that a note filed of record is written by the hand of Harold Milner gentleman that the town of West Retford shall keep its post horses at Scrooby alone and not at Tuxford.

On 26th April, 1638, upon sight of a warrant formerly made dated about the first of August, 1624, under the hands of Sir Gervase Clifton Bart Sir Hardolph Wastneys Bart and Robert Williamson Esqre then Justices of his Majestys peace appointing the several townes thereunder written to have post horses ready at Tuxford for his Majestys service then in progresse and it being alsoe presumed that the said townes lay most properly and fitly for service at that place It is therefore ordered by this Court that the same townes shall be charged henceforth upon needfull service to attend the comand of the post master of Tuxford onely and not to be called or comannded to Scrooby as sometimes they have been required and to the end there be no mistake or sinister dealing hereafter the townes are thus set downe in the said warrant vizt Weston, Normanton cum Gresthorpe, Marnham, Sutton, Headon cum Upton and Thorpe, West Markham cum Milneton, East Markham, Askham, East Drayton cum Stokeham, Truswell, South Leverton cum Cottam, North Leverton cum Habblesthorpe, Sturton cum ffenton, Rampton, Laneham, Dunham, Ragnell, Darleton, Carleton, Fledbrough, Laxton cum Morehouse, Egmanton, Ossington cum Carleton, Kneesall cum Kirsall, Wellough cum Ampton, Eakring, Ollerton, Edwinstowe cum member Budby cum Parlethorpe, Kirton, Walesby cum Boughton, Elkesley cum Little Gringley, West Retford and noe more.

* Note.—William Viscount Mansfield, Sir Gervase Clifton, Sir Hardolphe Wastneys.